by Gena Philibert Ortega (used with permission):
As genealogists, we turn to historic newspapers to find vital record information on our ancestors. Newspapers are great sources for birth announcements, reports of wedding anniversaries and the infamous obituary. But thorough newspaper research is so much more than just searching for vital record information. Newspapers provide us with details of life’s joys (births, weddings, accomplishments, milestones) and the more somber moments (deaths, accidents, court trials) as well as the day-to-day happenings (advertisements, Letters to the Editor, gossip columns).
Digitized newspapers provide us with the ease of finding articles that prior to the Internet took long hours of searching and scanning reels of microfilm. Even after putting in the necessary hours bent over the microfilm machine it was still easy to miss mentions of an ancestor. Now with GenealogyBank, finding your family is as easy as typing their name into a search engine.
So what are some of the articles that you might find your ancestor in? Consider some of the following examples that prove with a little time and effort you can piece together the story of your ancestor’s life
Did your ancestor own a business or provide a service to the community? You may want to search the local newspapers of your ancestor’s community for advertisements heralding their business.
Aside from information about an ancestor’s business, advertisements allow you to reconstruct the community your ancestor lived in. Advertisements can help you determine possible records and manuscript collections that may exist. An advertisement for a physician provides you the information you need to search for records left behind by that doctor that in turn may mention your ancestor and their family.
Ancestor Wanted by the Law
Did your ancestor find themselves on the wrong side of the law? Maybe a few indiscretions caused them to be mentioned in the newspaper. While a crime may warrant a front page article, don’t forget to look for other types of articles about subsequent criminal trials, police blotters, arrest reports and even advertisements. Consider the following advertisement published in the Alta California from September 1850.
While not flattering to the accused it does provides a useful physical description (hazel eyes, black hair, fair complexion, 5’9 ½ inches and 26 years old) along with a perceived characteristic (“a man much embarrassed when spoken to”). In this case, more research would be needed to see if any additional articles mentioned him in future newspaper editions.
Our ancestors loved to join clubs and social groups. Just as today, membership in social and fraternal organizations provided a sense of belonging and in some cases other benefits. While not all membership records are archived, you may have luck learning more about an organization, and possibly a mention of your ancestor, in the newspaper.
The Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) is one such club that your female ancestor may have belonged to. The WCTU was organized in 1874 out of a concern that the abuse of alcohol had negative effects on individual families and society.
Mentions of the WCTU can be found in numerous articles in newspapers throughout the United States. Coverage of the WCTU included everything from protests to articles by members about temperance.
This short article about the WCTU national elections illustrates the importance of conducting searches of your ancestor’s name without a specific locality. Notice that this article includes the names of the women elected and their residence. This Phoenix, Arizona newspaper includes the names of three newly elected offices in the WCTU who are from Maine, Kentucky and Missouri. One of the benefits of having access to digitized newspapers is the ability to search an ancestor’s name and finding hits for that name in newspapers all over the United States.
Imagine if your local newspaper reported on where you went shopping today or who you had lunch with yesterday. While today we have social networking tools like Facebook to report on our comings and goings, 19th and 20th century small towns had the newspaper.
These reports often provide information ranging from where a person traveled to, where they shopped, visitors they welcomed, who was ill, or who came to the funeral. These mentions can provide important details to your family history. For example, knowing that a person was ill a week prior to death provides insight into the information found on a death certificate.
The following report from Omaha World Herald (Nebraska) describes the happenings in the Council Bluffs area. Notice that these reports include vital record information, including two funerals and a birth. This is also were you might find mention of an ancestor who has since left town.
Letters to the Editor
Our ancestors appear in all parts of the newspaper as articles documented their lives. In some cases, they were not written about but instead were the ones writing. Our ancestors wrote letters that were published in the Letters to the Editor section of their local newspaper. Having an ancestor who penned such a letter is like learning more about their thoughts and beliefs. Letters to the Editor feature reader’s commentary on political and social happenings as well as announcements of interest to the local community.
While the majority of Letters to the Editor are from community members to their local newspaper, in some cases letters may have appeared in other newspapers as well. This following letter appeared in the 18 October 1916 Oregonian; it originated from a Oregonian native who had relocated to Canada. Her letter is especially interesting because she names other people, talks about where she was born, gives her father’s name and then a history of a local Canadian river. While not all Letters to the Editor have so much genealogical detail, they will provide you insight into the life of your ancestor.
As you search the newspaper for your ancestor, remember that Letters to the Editor may be signed by more than one citizen, signed as an individual or signed with an alias.
As you search newspapers for your ancestors, remember the rich diversity of articles that might mention them and the events of their lives. Aside from just searching on your ancestor’s name, learning more about the history and the locality they lived in from the newspaper of the time also are valuable resources in piecing together our ancestor’s lives. Search historical newspapers today and see what genealogical treasures are in store for you.
Huge Historical Newspaper Archive at GenealogyBank.com
One of the key sources for online newspapers is GenealogyBank.com. By providing access to rare and hard-to-find newspapers from 1690 to the present day, GenealogyBank gives researchers the opportunity to discover unique, long-forgotten information about their American ancestors.
Featuring more than 5,000 U.S. newspapers with over 1 billion names from all 50 states, GenealogyBank is one of the most extensive online historical newspaper archives available anywhere, designed specifically for family history research. Over 95% of our newspaper content is exclusive to GenealogyBank.
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