Free Legacy Family Tree update now available (version 9.0.0.339)

We have an important new update for our Legacy Family Tree 9 users (free) to download. It is a required update to continue using Legacy 9, and provides fixes to minor issues you have reported to us. So download the update to get the best Legacy ever!

See the download instructions below for step-by-step instructions on installing this update. 

What's Been Fixed

View the January 22, 2020 release notes here. 

How to Update

For our Deluxe Edition users, all you have to do is connect to the Internet, start Legacy 9, and click on the "Install and Download Now" link on the Legacy Home tab. (If you're reading this from within the Legacy Home tab inside of Legacy 9, you'll first need to click on the Home button in the top left of the Legacy Home tab which looks like the following picture:

12-2-2013 9-36-15 AM

If you are a Standard Edition Legacy user, you will need to visit our website. Go to http://www.legacyfamilytree.com/DownloadUpdate.asp and follow the instructions.


New TechZone Video - Need a Fillable Form? Word Has Your Back! by Amie Bowser Tennant

New TechZone Video - Need a Fillable Form? Word Has Your Back! by Amie Bowser Tennant

Every Friday we're pleased to offer Legacy Family Tree Webinar subscribers a new short ten minute or less TechZone video just for them! This Friday enjoy "Need a Fillable Form? Word Has Your Back!" by Amie Bowser Tennant. 

Need a Fillable Form? Word Has Your Back!

Learn how to create a fillable form which you can send to others to help with standardized completion of genealogy information.

_WatchVideo


About the Presenter

Amie Bowser TennantAmie Bowser Tennant is The Genealogy Reporter bringing you genealogy news, education, and inspiration. She is a professional genealogist, nationally known speaker, and internationally known blogger. Amie provides blog and written content for many top companies and societies in the genealogy field. Some of her publications can be found in the NGS Magazine, the Ohio Genealogical Society News and the OGS Quarterly,  Legacy News, and the FamilySearch blog, just to name a few! You can also see her webinars via Legacy Family Tree Webinars.

See all the webinars and videos by Amie Bowser Tennant in the Legacy library.
 
Not a member yet?

Legacy Family Tree Webinars provides genealogy education where-you-are through live and recorded online webinars and videos. Learn from the best instructors in genealogy including Thomas MacEntee, Judy Russell, J. Mark Lowe, Lisa Louise Cooke, Tom Jones, and many more. Learn at your convenience. On-demand classes are available 24 hours a day! All you need is a computer or mobile device with an Internet connection.

Subscribe today and get access to this BONUS members-only webinar AND all of this:

  • All 1,134 classes in the library (1,386 hours of quality genealogy education)
  • 4,681 pages of instructors' handouts
  • Chat logs from the live webinars
  • Additional 5% off anything at FamilyTreeWebinars.com
  • Chance for a bonus subscribers-only door prize during each live webinar
  • Additional members-only webinars

It's just $49.95/year.


Analyzing Online Family Trees And Steak Sauces

Maybe you’ve seen it. The latest Internet meme making the rounds of Facebook shows an A.1. sauce bottle with a hand drawn arrow to the  words above the brand name that read, “Est 1862.” The meme states “So In The Middle Of The Civil War Someone Was Like “You Know What This Country Needs? A Delicious Steak Sauce.”

IMG_1628

The American Civil War was fought from 1861-1865. So the meme does seem to make sense. After all, weren’t people too busy to invent steak sauces during the Civil War?

This meme reminds me of online family trees. Online trees are a great visual tool to help us find family history information. Like a meme, many of those online trees appear to make sense but we need to remember that with all things, looks can be deceiving. So how do we take what we see and verify that it is correct? Analysis of what you find is important and three steps you could use in analyzing family tree information is to question everything, dig deeper, and use sources to verify “facts.”

1. Question Everything and Don’t Assume

First, there’s a big assumption for those reading that A.1. meme. It may make sense to you because you assume A.1. is an American invention, after all Americans are familiar with this condiment. When I initially saw this meme my first reaction was “yeah, that is weird.” But then I started Googling to not only make sure the image wasn’t doctored (did it really say 1862?) but to also see if the “historical” facts stated were actually the facts.

We may also make assumptions about the online family trees we come across. When we see a tree with source citations and maybe even real photos instead of the website’s default male and female silhouettes we assume the tree has accurate information. But, take a little longer look. Does it make sense? Is there anything that right away signals a problem? How does that researcher know the information they have added? Could they have carefully analyzed the 20,000 people in their family tree?

2. Dig Deeper

I carefully read the A.1. meme and realized that while yes, 1862 was during the American Civil War, was A.1. a U.S. creation? Could it have been “invented” prior to 1862, after all, what does “established” 1862 mean on a sauce bottle?

Online family trees also require a careful reading and they should be explored and verified not just copied. Even “good” looking trees that appear to be correct can be problematic. We may look for source citations in that online tree but is this enough? Consider this,  I was researching for a genealogy TV show when I was asked to verify an online tree that showed a Civil War ancestor. The researcher/descendant’s tree looked really good, everything seemed to be correct. However, all of the sources were from that particular online subscription website and none were from archives and libraries. Plus, one important source that was missing was the veteran’s Civil War pension file. The descendant hadn’t seen the need to pay the money for that file because everything looked correct. I totally understood why she hadn't ordered it but to be thorough I went ahead and had a researcher pull the file at the National Archives. Once I read the almost 200 pages the file contained I realized that, unfortunately, that veteran was not related. This was a case of a  same name problem and the man in the family tree who was her ancestor had not served in the Civil War. This fact would have not been uncovered without that pension file. Sometimes things look good but further research into original records disprove those “facts.”

3. Use Sources to Verify “Facts”

A quick Google search provided the answer to my questions about the A.1. meme. A.1. was not “invented” in the United States and it was actually decades older than its “established” date on the label. A press release issued by Kraft Foods in 2014, explained the sauce’s history: “Invented in the 1820s by the chef of King George IV, and commercialized in 1862 for the masses, A.1. was marketed as a high-quality, do-it-all "saucy sauce different from any other, appreciated on Welsh rarebits, broiled lobster and English mutton chops."  In the 1960s, the brand shifted focus to beef and the product was renamed A.1. Steak Sauce.”[1]

So it was first invented in the early 19th century in England but then was “commercialized in 1862 for the masses.” No, no one was sitting around  war torn America contemplating, “how can I make steak taste better?” (well maybe someone was but not the person who created A.1.).

Online trees should not only include sources but should be thoroughly analyzed.  Use that online tree for clues or hints but then ask yourself what sources are used to verify the facts? What sources are missing? What does that record tell you? Look at each record carefully. Do you come to the same conclusion as the researcher who added that records to their online tree? Research is more than just collecting documents or information, it's also about analyzing that information. 

 

Don’t Believe Everything, Even if  Your Mom Posted It on Facebook

Lincoln meme

One day my mom asked me about a distant family member she had known and I replied that he had died. She asked me how I knew that and I told her he is listed in the Social Security Death Index. She then replied she wanted to see his death certificate. I was taken aback that she didn't believe me but in actuality she was doing something I would encourage a family history researcher to do, thorough research and analysis.

Online memes are posted and reposted because they are visual short messages that either resonate with the reader's preconceived beliefs or seem plausible. This could also describe online family trees. There’s no doubt we benefit from online trees but we need to make sure to remember that something that “looks good” may be deceiving. Our work as genealogists not only encompasses finding information but also analyzing it.

 

 

[1] “After 50 Years, A.1. Steak Sauce Ends Exclusive Relationship With Beef, Drops "Steak" From Name And Friends Other Foods,” Cision (https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/after-50-years-a1-steak-sauce-ends-exclusive-relationship-with-beef-drops-steak-from-name-and-friends-other-foods-259402271.html: accessed 11 January 2019).

 

Gena Philibert-Ortega is an author, instructor, and researcher. She blogs at Gena's Genealogy and Food.Family.Ephemera. You can find her presentations on the Legacy Family Tree Webinars website.


New Tools and Ideas in Research - free webinar by D. Joshua Taylor now online for limited time

2020-01-22-image500blog

The recording of today's webinar by D. Joshua Taylor, "New Tools and Ideas in Research” is now available to view at www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com for free for a limited time.

Webinar Description

The field of genealogy is constantly changing and evolving.  Each day new techniques, resources, and tools are developed to assist in the quest for one’s ancestors. Learn technological developments (including gadgets and gizmos), newly discovered resources for genealogical research and more.
 
View the Recording at FamilyTreeWebinars.com

If you could not make it to the live event or just want to watch it again, the 1 hour 15 minute recording of "New Tools and Ideas in Research" is now available to view in our webinar library for free for a limited time. If you have a webinar membership, it is available anytime.

Webinar Memberships/Subscriptions

Webinar Members get:

  • On-demand access to the entire webinar archives (now 1,133 classes, 1,386 hours of genealogy education)
  • On-demand access to the instructor handouts (now 4,681 pages)
  • On-demand access to the live webinars' chat logs
  • 5% off all products at www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com (must be logged in at checkout)
  • Access to all future recordings for the duration of their membership
  • Chance for a members-only door prize during each live webinar
  • Access to register for bonus members-only webinars
  • Ability to view which webinars you are registered for
  • Use of the playlist, resume watching, and jump-to features

Introductory pricing:

  • Annual membership: $49.95/year

Click here to subscribe.

Register for our upcoming webinars (free)

www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com

Print the 2020 webinar brochure here.

See you online!


New Filter Feature for Legacy's FamilySearch Interface

FamilySearch - Red Chains

In Legacy's FamilySearch interface "red chains" (red links icon) mean that there is a linking problem. What you have and what FamilySearch has for the familial links are different. What all of this means is, there are duplicates. You have a person linked to someone else with a certain FamilySearch ID (FSID) but FamilySearch has the person linked to a duplicate with a different FSID. 

The Legacy developers have added a new filter to the FamilySearch interface so that you can filter by red chains. Finding these people is now much easier! [Please update to Legacy version 9.0.0.339 to install the new feature. See the Updates box on the Legacy Home screen.]

On the main toolbar/ribbon go to Search > FamilySearch. Before you get started, you will need to click the Update Matches button over on the left side. You will see a new option on this screen to Recheck all Red Link status icons

Recheck red links
(click image to enlarge)

 

Notice at the top of this window it says, Actions for the current filtered list. Make sure you have filtered the list for the people you are working on. I personally have it set to no extra filtering because at this point I want to capture everyone that has red chains. Click Start and let Legacy do its thing. You might just walk away and go empty the dishwasher and check the mail because depending on how large your file is and how many people have red chains it will take awhile. 

When Legacy has completed the task, change the filtering to Individuals with Red Links. It turns out I have 1370 which isn't good.

Filtered List
(click image to enlarge)

 

Notice that there is a new red chains icon to the left of the name. If your list is unfiltered, or filtered in a different way, you will still be able to see the ones that have the red chains IF you have also checked the box at the top that says Show Red Links.

I randomly chose a person off of my list and I immediately see that there are TWO duplicates. My Susan has an FSID of KFKG-XF1 but there are two more with L1GZ-JS2 and L1GZ-6WS.

Duplicates
(click image to enlarge)

 

Because Susan is linked to other family members (husband, father, mother and children) her family is a mess. I will have to go in and make sure that these are true duplicates (they are) and then check the surrounding people to make sure that they don't also have duplicates (which of course they do). This is why the red chains are different than simple duplicate checking. This algorithm is looking for errors in relationships. It will take me a while to get this family straightened out correctly but it is important that I take the time to do it right.

In the case of Susan she is the one that has the duplicates (and some of her linked relationships do too). But there is another scenario you will see. The main person doesn't have any duplicates but one or more of the linked relatives do.

Here is one where I have linked Elden Bevis to his wife Addie Bee Foust KCCM-VTP but FamilySearch has this very same Elden Bevis linked to Addie Bee Foust LTNY-S6Q. In this case it is Addie that is the problem. 

Duplicate spouse
(click image to enlarge)

 

And here is an example of the parents being messed up.

Parents have reds chains
(click image to enlarge)

 

Here is an example of problem children. Most of these kids are right but two have duplicates. 

Duplicate Children
(click image to enlarge)

 

I want to show you one more situation you will see. Sometimes you will see a red chain on the left with no corresponding duplicate on the right. This means one of three things. Either the person on the left is linked to someone that is not on your screen, the person in question has been deleted off of FamilySearch, or this FSID has been deleted through a merge. The only way to know is to open the person on the FamilySearch website itself to see what is going on. 

Where is the spouse
(click image to enlarge)

 

When I go to FamilySearch and search for KZ1C-Y1Y this is what I find.

Deleted in a merge
(click image to enlarge)

 

Every once in a while you need to have Legacy recheck people. You can do this by clicking the Update Matches button on the left side of the FamilySearch interface screen and then Check linked individuals for changes in FamilySearch. This will change some of your arrows to red if information has been added or deleted but it will also clear out FSIDs that are no longer being used.

Check for changes
(click image to enlarge)

 

Also, if the person on the filtered list has anyone in his family group with red chains he will show as having red chains on the filtered list even though he personally doesn't have red chains. If you clear out the red chains of his family members that have linking errors you will need to Update Matches to Recheck all Red Link status icons to make sure these extra red chains are cleared.

I am very excited about this new feature! This will help experienced researchers clean up FamilySearch to make it better for everyone. The reason I say experienced researchers is that if you don't know what you are doing you can really mess things up. If all of the info I have presented in this article looks foreign to you then I suggestion you read FamilySearch Training

I plan to detail a step by step merge using Legacy in a future post. This is the one thing that causes the most problems.

 

Find tech tips every day in the Facebook Legacy User Group. The group is free and is available to anyone with a Facebook account.

For video tech tips check out the Legacy Quick Tips page.  These short videos will make it easy for you to learn all sort of fun and interesting ways to look at your genealogy research.

 

Michele Simmons Lewis, CG® is part of the Legacy Family Tree team at MyHeritage. She handles the enhancement suggestions that come in from our users as well as writing for Legacy News. You can usually find her hanging out on the Legacy User Group Facebook page answering questions and posting tips.


Register for Webinar Wednesday - New Tools and Ideas in Research by D. Joshua Taylor

Register
 
The field of genealogy is constantly changing and evolving.  Each day new techniques, resources, and tools are developed to assist in the quest for one’s ancestors. Learn technological developments (including gadgets and gizmos), newly discovered resources for genealogical research and more.
 
Join us and D. Joshua Taylor for the live webinar Wednesday, January 22, at 2pm eastern U.S. time. Register today to reserve your virtual seat. Registration is free but space is limited to the first 1,000 people to join that day. When you join, if you receive a message that the webinar is full, you know we've reached the 1,000 limit, so we invite you to view the recording which should be published to the webinar archives within an hour or two of the event's conclusion. 

Registerbut 

Or register for multiple webinars at once by clicking here.

Not sure if you already registered?

Login to view your registration status for this webinar (available for annual or monthly webinar subscribers).

Test Your Webinar Connection

To ensure that your webinar connection is ready to go, click here.

Can't make it to the live event?

No worries. Its recording will be available for a limited time. Webinar Subscribers have unlimited access to all webinar recordings for the duration of their membership.

About the presenter

JoshTaylor-144x144For more than 20 years Joshua has been discovering – and sharing – the incredible connections that can be made through genealogy and family history. As host of the popular series Genealogy Roadshow (PBS) he crisscrosses the United States – solving longstanding family history mysteries and uncovering genealogical treasures at every turn. Since February 2016, Joshua has been the President of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society (NYG&B), America’s second oldest genealogical organization, headquartered in New York City. An avid genealogist, Joshua has traced his own roots from Boston, Massachusetts to Bombay, India (and nearly everywhere in-between). He is also a member of the Association of Professional Genealogists and is past President of the Federation of Genealogical Societies, an organization dedicated to supporting the needs of genealogical organizations throughout the United States. A popular speaker and author, Joshua frequently shares insights relating to family history and genealogy with audiences throughout the world. He believes family history and genealogy should be about more than just names, dates, and documents, but should instead tell the stories of our ancestors and the extraordinary lives they led.

Add it to your Google Calendar

With our Google Calendar button, you will never forget our upcoming webinars. Simply click the button to add it to your calendar. You can then optionally embed the webinar events (and even turn them on and off) into your own personal calendar. If you have already added the calendar, you do not have to do it again - the new webinar events will automatically appear.

Webinar time

The webinar will be live on Wednesday, January 22, 2020 at:

  • 2pm Eastern (U.S.)
  • 1pm Central
  • 12pm Mountain
  • 11pm Pacific
  • 7pm GMT

Or use this Time Zone Converter.

Here's how to attend:

  1. Register at www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com today. It's free!
  2. You will receive a confirmation email containing a link to the webinar.
  3. You will receive a reminder email both 1 day and 1 hour prior to the live webinar.
  4. Calculate your time zone by clicking here.
  5. Make sure you have the latest version of Java installed on your computer. Check at www.java.com.
  6. Check your GoToWebinar connection here.
  7. Click on the webinar link (found in confirmation and reminder emails) prior to the start of the webinar. Arrive early as the room size is limited to the first 1,000 arrivals that day.
  8. Listen via headset (USB headsets work best), your computer speakers, or by phone. 

We look forward to seeing you all there!


Creative Hypothesis Development for Complex Genealogy Problems - free webinar by Jan M. Joyce, CG, CGL now online for limited time

2020-01-21-image500blog

The recording of today's webinar by Jan M. Joyce, CG, CGL, "Creative Hypothesis Development for Complex Genealogy Problems” is now available to view at www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com/BCG for free for a limited time.

Webinar Description

This topic introduces a methodology for creating multiple hypotheses in genealogical situations that are not easily solved...like the brick walls we all have! Creative thinking is discussed, as well as methods for capturing multiple hypotheses and then prioritizing them. Several types of hypotheses development will be covered. Finally, we will review cover how to refute or support each hypothesis. A case study is used throughout the discussion to highlight how the methodology is best utilized.
 
View the Recording at FamilyTreeWebinars.com

If you could not make it to the live event or just want to watch it again, the 1 hour 21 minute recording of "Creative Hypothesis Development for Complex Genealogy Problems" is now available to view in our webinar library for free for a limited time. If you have a webinar membership, it is available anytime.

Webinar Memberships/Subscriptions

Webinar Members get:

  • On-demand access to the entire webinar archives (now 1,132 classes, 1,385 hours of genealogy education)
  • On-demand access to the instructor handouts (now 4,681 pages)
  • On-demand access to the live webinars' chat logs
  • 5% off all products at www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com (must be logged in at checkout)
  • Access to all future recordings for the duration of their membership
  • Chance for a members-only door prize during each live webinar
  • Access to register for bonus members-only webinars
  • Ability to view which webinars you are registered for
  • Use of the playlist, resume watching, and jump-to features

Introductory pricing:

  • Annual membership: $49.95/year

Click here to subscribe.

Register for our upcoming webinars (free)

www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com

Print the 2020 webinar brochure here.

See you online!


Register for tonight's BCG webinar by Jan M. Joyce, CG, CGL: Creative Hypothesis Development for Complex Genealogy Problems

Register-bcg
 
This topic introduces a methodology for creating multiple hypotheses in genealogical situations that are not easily solved...like the brick walls we all have! Creative thinking is discussed, as well as methods for capturing multiple hypotheses and then prioritizing them. Several types of hypotheses development will be covered. Finally, we will review cover how to refute or support each hypothesis. A case study is used throughout the discussion to highlight how the methodology is best utilized.
 
Join us and Jan M. Joyce, CG, CGL for the live webinar Tuesday, January 21, at 8pm eastern U.S. time. Register today to reserve your virtual seat. Registration is free but space is limited to the first 1,000 people to join that day. When you join, if you receive a message that the webinar is full, you know we've reached the 1,000 limit, so we invite you to view the recording which should be published to the webinar archives within an hour or two of the event's conclusion. 

Registerbut 

Or register for multiple webinars at once by clicking here.

Not sure if you already registered?

Login to view your registration status for this webinar (available for annual or monthly webinar subscribers).

Test Your Webinar Connection

To ensure that your webinar connection is ready to go, click here.

Can't make it to the live event?

No worries. Its recording will be available for a limited time. Webinar Subscribers have unlimited access to all webinar recordings for the duration of their membership.

About the presenter

JanJoyce-144x144Jan is a genealogy researcher whose personal work has focused on Ohio, Pennsylvania, England and Norway. She began researching in 1998 to understand genealogy customers when she managed the marketing initiatives at Genealogy.com. Before beginning her genealogy career, she earned marketing degrees from Miami University, The Ohio State University and Golden Gate University. Jan has taught marketing classes as an adjunct professor. Her genealogy education has stemmed from attending institutes to participating in peer study groups. She enjoys studying, writing and teaching about genealogy methodology.

Add it to your Google Calendar

With our Google Calendar button, you will never forget our upcoming webinars. Simply click the button to add it to your calendar. You can then optionally embed the webinar events (and even turn them on and off) into your own personal calendar. If you have already added the calendar, you do not have to do it again - the new webinar events will automatically appear.

Webinar time

The webinar will be live on Tuesday, January 21, 2020 at:

  • 8pm Eastern (U.S.)
  • 7pm Central
  • 6pm Mountain
  • 5pm Pacific
  • 1am GMT on the 22nd

Or use this Time Zone Converter.

Here's how to attend:

  1. Register at www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com today. It's free!
  2. You will receive a confirmation email containing a link to the webinar.
  3. You will receive a reminder email both 1 day and 1 hour prior to the live webinar.
  4. Calculate your time zone by clicking here.
  5. Make sure you have the latest version of Java installed on your computer. Check at www.java.com.
  6. Check your GoToWebinar connection here.
  7. Click on the webinar link (found in confirmation and reminder emails) prior to the start of the webinar. Arrive early as the room size is limited to the first 1,000 arrivals that day.
  8. Listen via headset (USB headsets work best), your computer speakers, or by phone. 

We look forward to seeing you all there!


Tuesday's Tip - Double Dating (Intermediate)

TT - Double Dating

Tuesday's Tips provide brief how-to's to help you learn to use the Legacy Family Tree software with new tricks and techniques.

Double Dating (Intermediate)

There is an option in Legacy to do double dating which Legacy will do for you automatically. The Option is at Options > Customize > Dates > Option 5.4. So what is double dating? 

In a nutshell, we changed from the Julian Calendar to the Gregorian Calendar in 1582 but it wasn't officially adopted by England (and its colonies) until 1752. The problem with this is the Julian Calendar used March 25th as the first day of the year and the Gregorian Calendar uses January 1st.

The problem dates are January 1st through March 24th. If you are looking at one of these dates between the years 1582 and 1752 you need to double date them.

04 Feb 1740 under the old calendar would be 04 Feb 1741 under the new calendar. Why? Under the old calendar the year 1740 didn't end until March 24th but under the new calendar the new year started on January 1st. You would write it as 04 Feb 1740/1. The reason this is important is when you are looking at the chronology of documents and dates you might get things out of order.

There is one other slight problem with the change over. There was an 11 day discrepancy. In the first year of the change, 1752, they dropped 11 days off of September to get things back right. For further information, please read Julian and Gregorian Calendars from FamilySearch.

Quakers and dates...
All of the above applies to the Quakers too but they didn't use the names of the days or months because they were named after Roman/Greek gods. They used numbers. Sometimes they used Arabic numbers and sometimes they used Roman numerals. As long as you can read Roman numerals there is no problem because you will recognize them immediately.

If you see 2nd day of the 11th month of 1750 in a Quaker record, this would be 02 Jan 1750 on the old calendar and 02 Jan 1751 on the new calendar. January was the 11th month on the Julian Calendar. Double dated it would be 02 Jan 1750/1.

I would not use double dating in your file unless most of your file is located in England and its colonies. If most of your file is located in another European country you can consult the above FamilySearch Wiki article and set the date change date to whatever it was for that country or region. You will see that in Germany, Switzerland, and the Netherlands it is a problem because each region was doing its own thing. It can get complicated.

 

Find tech tips every day in the Facebook Legacy User Group. The group is free and is available to anyone with a Facebook account.

For video tech tips check out the Legacy Quick Tips page.  These short videos will make it easy for you to learn all sort of fun and interesting ways to look at your genealogy research.

Michele Simmons Lewis, CG® is part of the Legacy Family Tree team at MyHeritage. She handles the enhancement suggestions that come in from our users as well as writing for Legacy News. You can usually find her hanging out on the Legacy User Group Facebook page answering questions and posting tips.


New TechZone Video - What are DNA Outliers? by Michelle Leonard

New TechZone Video - What are DNA Outliers? by Michelle Leonard

Every Friday we're pleased to offer Legacy Family Tree Webinar subscribers a new short ten minute or less TechZone video just for them! This Friday enjoy "What are DNA Outliers?" by Michelle Leonard. 

What are DNA Outliers?

Discover what DNA outliers are and why it's important to determine whether they are really outliers or a mistake in the paper trail.

_WatchVideo


About the Presenter

Michelle Leonard is a Scottish professional genealogist, genetic genealogist, freelance researcher, speaker, author and historian. She runs her own genealogy business, Genes & Michelle LeonardGenealogy, and specialises in DNA Detective work solving adoption and all manner of unknown ancestor mysteries with the use of DNA testing.  She also undertakes traditional family history research, living relative tracing, historical and television research, creating bespoke family history books. article and blog writing, tutoring, lecturing, webinars and speaking engagements. She is a regular speaker at major genealogy events such as Who Do You Think You Are? Live and Back To Our Past and is a co-author of "Tracing Your Ancestors Using DNA: A Guide For Family Historians" to be released in summer 2019.

Additionally Michelle is the official genetic genealogist of ancestryhour.co.uk and is one of the hosts of the hour itself: #AncestryHour takes place on Twitter each Tuesday evening from 7-8pm GMT and Michelle is usually on hand to answer any #DNA queries that arise. She also spent several years working on the ground-breaking Fromelles Genealogy Project tracking down appropriate DNA donors to identify WWI soldiers buried in a mass grave in France and served as the Genealogical Consultant on the official Fromelles documentary. She regularly works on new historic soldier cases when battlefield remains are found and DNA testing is conducted.

Michelle holds an M.A. in English and Modern History from the University of St Andrews and a PgCert in Genealogical, Palaeographic and Heraldic Studies from the University of Strathclyde. She is a member of the Association of Professional Genealogists (APG), the Scottish Genealogy Network (SGN), the Society of Genealogists (SOG) and the International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG). You can find out more about Michelle on her Genes & Genealogy Facebook page and you can follow her on Twitter.

See all the webinars and videos by Michelle Leonard in the Legacy library.
 
Not a member yet?

Legacy Family Tree Webinars provides genealogy education where-you-are through live and recorded online webinars and videos. Learn from the best instructors in genealogy including Thomas MacEntee, Judy Russell, J. Mark Lowe, Lisa Louise Cooke, Tom Jones, and many more. Learn at your convenience. On-demand classes are available 24 hours a day! All you need is a computer or mobile device with an Internet connection.

Subscribe today and get access to this BONUS members-only webinar AND all of this:

  • All 1,131 classes in the library (1,382 hours of quality genealogy education)
  • 4,681 pages of instructors' handouts
  • Chat logs from the live webinars
  • Additional 5% off anything at FamilyTreeWebinars.com
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One Day for Fun I Read 2,000 Death Certificates

Readdeathcerts

Ok, maybe this blog post title is a bit misleading. I did originally browse death certificates, 1-by-1 in the California, County Birth and Death Records, 1800-1994 FamilySearch collection because I was looking for a specific death certificate for a client's mysterious ancestor (I never found it). But I continued looking through the collection of death certificates to see what I could learn from them.

Why?

Studying Records

I’ve actually done this type of in-depth record study before. A few years ago, I made weekly visits to the National Archives at Riverside  to study, file-by-file National Archives RG 21, specifically the women’s repatriation files. I looked through each file, studied, and made copies of documents I found unusual or that I wanted to study more. These NARA files are for those women who were requesting their US citizenship after losing it by marrying a non-US citizen. Unlike other NARA facilities, Riverside's collection includes the documents women used to prove their US citizenship which meant genealogically rich treasures such as affidavits and vital records.

So what’s the purpose of doing this? Why am I taking time to study records that have nothing to do with my own ancestors?

Continuing genealogy education.

A careful study of a set of records can help you learn more than if you are simply using a record or two for your own personal genealogical research. Take for instance the Long Beach, Los Angeles County California Death Certificates I read. I was able to learn more about the form used (including some of the instructions that were also part of the digitized images). 

Record-image_ (5)
"California, County Birth and Death Records, 1800-1994," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89SV-C5Y8?cc=2001287&wc=XY3Y-N38%3A285173401%2C285228401 : 12 November 2014), Los Angeles, Long Beach > Death certificates 1921 no 600-900 > image 150 of 326; California State Archives, Sacramento. 

But in studying these records:

  • I learned more about what people died from (whether naturally, by suicide, homicide or accident).
  • I learned what cemeteries and funeral homes existed.
  • I learned about occupations in the area and the deaths caused by various occupations (Long Beach was home to oil drilling and not surprisingly many occupational accidents resulting in death for those oil workers).
  • I also learned that not all death certificates provide the information we expect. For example, this certificate for my great-grandmother's brother that is missing his  cause of death .
Joseph Chatham Death
"California, County Birth and Death Records, 1800-1994," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9SV-QBNQ?cc=2001287&wc=X137-3TL%3A285174601%2C285454701 : 26 September 2019), Los Angeles > Death certificates 1956 no 6170-8250 > image 1568 of 2529; California State Archives, Sacramento.

I also learned more about that specific FamilySearch collection.  For example, in the link for Death Certificates 1902-1963, the first few images are not of death certificates but instead they are for a Transportation of a Corpse

Record-image_ (7)
"California, County Birth and Death Records, 1800-1994," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9SV-C968-Y?cc=2001287&wc=XB44-N38%3A285173401%2C285218801 : 12 November 2014), Los Angeles, Long Beach > Death certificates 1902-1963 > image 1 of 371; California State Archives, Sacramento.

Finding these anomalies is one of the benefits of browsing rather than searching.

Who Cares?

On the surface this may appear to be a meaningless exercise that serves no real purpose other than adding one more thing to your to-do list, taking away time from finding your ancestors. However, when I think about browsing and studying  records rather than just searching I’m reminded of the ‘good old days’ of genealogy when we didn’t have access to digitized images which meant we had to go through microfilm image-by-image to find what we needed. That is real research. And what we miss in today’s world of search engines and automated hints is the opportunity to get to know the records we are searching and to find information we weren’t expecting.  Remember that there can be all kinds of reasons you don’t find someone in a record including transcription and indexing errors but also items filmed out of order.

Will I continue to go through a record set document by document? Absolutely, and I frequently do it to learn more about a record that is unfamiliar to me or to see what may exist. Genealogy education is about watching, listening, and doing. Going through records one-by-one is one way to do that.

 

Gena Philibert-Ortega is an author, instructor, and researcher. She blogs at Gena's Genealogy and Food.Family.Ephemera. You can find her presentations on the Legacy Family Tree Webinars website.


Vetting Published Genealogies for Research - free webinar by Shannon Combs-Bennett now online for limited time

Vetting Published Genealogies for Research - free webinar by Shannon Combs-Bennett now online for limited time

The recording of today's webinar by Shannon Combs-Bennett, "Vetting Published Genealogies for Research” is now available to view at www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com for free for a limited time.

Webinar Description

Genealogy is written in stone and should be looked at carefully. Follow the case of Mayflower ancestor William White as Shannon Combs-Bennett shows how his genealogy was corrected over the last century.
 
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10 Must-Have MyHeritage Databases - free webinar by Gena Philibert-Ortega now online

10 Must-Have MyHeritage Databases - free webinar by Gena Philibert-Ortega now online

The recording of today's webinar, "10 Must-Have MyHeritage Databases” by Gena Philibert-Ortega, is now available to view at www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com for free.

Webinar Description

Looking for an ancestor? MyHeritage has many research options. However, there are 10 that are must-haves for any researcher. Join me as we explore what databases you need to know about and how to research them so you can find that ancestor.
 
View the Recording at FamilyTreeWebinars.com

If you could not make it to the live event or just want to watch it again, the 1 hour 4 minute recording of "10 Must-Have MyHeritage Databases" is now available to view in our webinar library for free. If you have a webinar membership, it is available anytime.

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  • 5% off all products at www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com (must be logged in at checkout)
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  • Chance for a members-only door prize during each live webinar
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Register for our upcoming webinars (free)

Print the 2020 webinar brochure here.


Register for Webinar Wednesday: Vetting Published Genealogy for Research by Shannon Combs-Bennett

Register
 
Genealogy is written in stone and should be looked at carefully. Follow the case of Mayflower ancestor William White as Shannon Combs-Bennett shows how his genealogy was corrected over the last century.
 
Join us and Shannon Combs-Bennett for the live webinar Wednesday, January 15, at 2pm eastern U.S. time. Register today to reserve your virtual seat. Registration is free but space is limited to the first 1,000 people to join that day. When you join, if you receive a message that the webinar is full, you know we've reached the 1,000 limit, so we invite you to view the recording which should be published to the webinar archives within an hour or two of the event's conclusion. 

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About the presenter

ShannonBennett-144x144Shannon Combs-Bennett, owner of T2 Family History, is a speaker and author based out of Virginia. She enjoys teaching about a wide range of topics from DNA to methodology. Currently Shannon is the Creative Director for The In-Depth Genealogist. You can learn more about her at http://t2familyhistory.com.

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Tuesday's Tip - Estimating Dates (Intermediate)

TT - Estimating Dates

Tuesday's Tips provide brief how-to's to help you learn to use the Legacy Family Tree software with new tricks and techniques.

Estimating Dates (Intermediate)

When you enter a person in Legacy it is common to not know all of their vital dates. Estimating the dates that you don't have can be helpful. 

Legacy's Research Guidance tool will work to your advantage if you have these estimated dates entered. It is possible that you might miss something if you are way off but you can always go in and make adjustments if needed. For more information about the Research Guidance tool please see Legacy 101 - Help with Your Research: Hints, Research Guidance, Internet Searches and Research Guidance and the To-Do List.

But even if you don't use this tool, estimating dates will help you narrow down when and where you should be looking for records. In Legacy you can enter an estimated date like this:

Est 1840
Estimated 1840 

Even though you don't see Est as a prefix in Options > Customize > Dates > Option 5.7 Legacy DOES recognize this as a legitimate date prefix.

There are a few tricks to estimating dates. These are just guidelines! You will immediately see that they don't hold true in all situations but these do give you a starting point and as more information comes in you can fine tune your estimates. The rules for legal documents can vary from state to state and from time period to time period but the ones listed are the most common. Also, these "rules" are more valid before about 1950.

  • You can estimate that a couple married when the husband was 21 and the wife was 18 (first marriage)
  • Second marriages for males were commonly within 2 years of the death of the previous spouse (a new wife was needed to care for the children)
  • You can estimate that a couple married one year before their first known child was born
  • Mothers don't die until after the birth of their youngest known child. Father's can die within 9 months before the birth of their youngest known child
  • Full term pregnancies are 38-42 weeks
  • Premature infants 34 weeks or less normally did not survive
  • Children are born an average of two years apart
  • Mothers do not normally give birth after about age 46
  • You can assume a person died after he is mentioned on a document (census, surviving family in an obituary, witness on a legal document, etc.)
  • You can assume a person was at least 21 years of age when named as a guardian, listed on a voter roll, listed as an executor/executrix to a will, or witnessed a legal document
  • A male was at least 21 to pay the poll tax
  • A person was at least 21 to own property (land)
  • A person had either died OR was at least 50 when he drops off of the tax rolls 
  • You can estimate that a male is at least 16 year old in military records
  • A child who was allowed to choose his own guardian was between the age of 14 and 21
  • A person who died between the date he signed his will and the date that the will was proved (probated)

Another great trick is to use the date ranges on the 1800-1840 censuses to narrow down a person's date of birth. The 1790 is not as helpful but don't discount it completely. The ranges are different from year to year so you can compare them to knock out a few years. You can also do this with the later censuses using the OFFICIAL census date as your baseline to calculate when a person was born based on their age. For more information on that, please read William Dollarhide's article, The Census Day.

The trick is to use multiple bits of information to narrow down the dates. Here is a tool from The Golden Egg Genealogist that will help you do just that. You can download the Date Narrowing Calculator (for Excel) for free after signing up for her blog.

Another thing to remember is that you can also "estimate" locations to go along with those dates. If a person is living in Columbia County, GA as a 2 year old in 1850, is living in Columbia County as a 12 year old in 1860, is living in Columbia County as a 22 year old in 1870, and is living in Columbia County as a 32 year old in 1880, chances are he was born in Columbia County and he married in Columbia County. One thing to note, if the husband and the wife were from two different counties it is more common for them to have married in the wife's home county and not the husband's.

I hope this information will help you estimate your dates for your blank vital events so you can narrow down when and where to look for records that will give you more definitive information.

 

Find tech tips every day in the Facebook Legacy User Group. The group is free and is available to anyone with a Facebook account.

For video tech tips check out the Legacy Quick Tips page.  These short videos will make it easy for you to learn all sort of fun and interesting ways to look at your genealogy research.

Michele Simmons Lewis, CG® is part of the Legacy Family Tree team at MyHeritage. She handles the enhancement suggestions that come in from our users as well as writing for Legacy News. You can usually find her hanging out on the Legacy User Group Facebook page answering questions and posting tips.